Dating columbia records
According to the Almost Complete 78 rpm Record Dating Guide by Steven C Barr it should be from 1901, because the matrix number is 512-8-8.
But also engraved in the wax is the following text: "patented nov 25, 1902".
Those very early Columbia recordings can also be confusing in that, when Columbia came out with its double disc records in 1908, a great many of those early recordings were paired up and issued under a new catalog number.
Their old catalog number, however, appears on the label as the matrix number.
In this case, a 1930 pressing might be significantly easier to find than the other variations because, during the Depression, sales for Columbia were horrible, and the entire company actually ended up being sold to the American Record Corporation for a mere ,000, which was a bargain price even in the Depression.The Victor Talking Machine Company and its founder, Eldridge R Johnson, rate a museum in Delaware.Thanks in no small part to that clever painting of a puzzled terrier peering into the horn of an old phonograph seeking “His Master’s Voice,” the Victor legend has spread far and wide.Hi Dismuke, Thank you very much for your explanation. The only way of being able to date a later pressing is by any changes that might have been made in label design or pressing materials during the time since the initial pressing.So, if I understand it correctly, while my record dates from 1905-1906 the recording it features is indeed from 1901, but this particular record is a reissue? Had the Columbia label design not changed, there would be no way of being able to date the pressing.